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Human rights situation in Nepal – Telegraph Nepal

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n although state laws do not fully respect or protect human rights, every citizen of the state can automatically imbibe the spirit of human rights.

The concept of DH, which originated in civilized society, is guided by the principle of natural rights. The very concept of human rights as a fundamental right supersedes all state laws that ignore the importance of the human being. Human beings are naturally entitled to rights that can be enforced for the protection of the inherent capacities, traits and qualities essential to give meaning to human life. Human rights, the collective expression of the common and fundamental rights of all the peoples of the world, are considered indispensable, natural and inherent rights. Thus, HR is considered universal, indivisible and inalienable. There is a universal notion that these rights should not be violated by any group or organization of the state.

Human rights are respected and protected only in a democracy. Democracy and human rights are synonymous. In the absence of one or the other, both do not exist. Without democratic governance, human rights are inconceivable and without respect for human rights, democracy cannot thrive. A peaceful society cannot be established without proper resolutionthepector and the protection of human rights and democracy. The concept of HR did not suddenly evolve in modern human civilization. Along with the evolution of human civilization, it has also evolved gradually. First credit for HR development goes to Magna Carta – the British Civil Rights Bill. In 1215 AD, in the history of the world, there was a written agreement between King John of Great Britain and the people on the division of power. The agreement mentioned the rights of the people. The same agreement, called Magna Carta, is considered the first written document on human rights. The Magna Carta clearly stated that parliament had the power to legislate, that the king could not impose any taxes without the approval of parliament, and that there should be an independent judiciary and the supremacy of law.

After a long struggle between the king and the people of Britain, a document called the “Bill of Rights” was issued in 1689 to define and limit the rights of the king. This is considered the first social agreement between the king and the people. In 1776 AD, the United States of America also issued the “American Declaration of Independence incorporating the fundamental principles of the British ‘Bill of Rights’. Likewise, in accordance with the belief that every human being has the right to freedom and self-determination, the French Revolution was accomplished in 1779 and the basic concept of human rights was developed based on the declaration rights of man and of the citizen finally adopted. by the French National Assembly in 1789.

The League of Nations was officially established on January 10, 1920 to dispel fears that HR was under threat due to growing animosity and rivalry between nations despite significant international efforts towards HR development in the 18th century . It incorporated policies of non-discrimination, regardless of race, religion, language or gender. However, all past efforts towards the realization of human rights and peace were rendered futile as a result of the two world wars – World War I and World War II from 1914 to 1918 and from 1939 to 1945 respectively.

All human beings are responsible and must ensure equal participation in the peaceful development of human civilization.
Everyone has a responsibility to respect and honor everyone’s rights. Recognizing the need for a global organization to lead the global community in the adoption and advocacy