Home Nepal live Nepal: Post-distribution monitoring survey (May 2022) – Nepal

Nepal: Post-distribution monitoring survey (May 2022) – Nepal

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SECTION A. Introduction

Description of the disaster

Nepal faces floods and landslides due to extreme rainfall normally from June to September every year. According to the Nepal Disaster Report (2019), more than 10,000 families are affected by floods and landslides each year, leaving many people homeless who face various challenges in coping with the situation while managing immediate humanitarian needs with their own capacities. During the 2021 monsoon season (June-September), floods and landslides affected 72 districts across the country, mainly in Terai and hilly areas. The resulting impact on people’s lives and livelihoods, agricultural produce, physical properties and infrastructure was considerable, which was further exacerbated by the sudden downpour of rain in late October. According to data from the Ministry of the Interior, between June and October 27, 2021, 673 people lost their lives, 69 people are missing and 181 people are injured due to the disaster caused by the water.

During the last week of August 2021, rainfall intensified for at least four consecutive days, with many rivers crossing warning thresholds, causing widespread flooding in many parts of the southern plains and landslides reported in the hilly region. As a result of these incessant rains, 11 districts (Myagdi, Rupandehi, Dang, Darchula, Sindhuli, Nawalparasi East, Nawalparasi West, Kanchanpur, Kailali, Udayapur and Mahottari) and 4,899 families have been affected, including 2,129 temporarily displaced.

Again in October, the rains intensified for at least five consecutive days from October 17, 2021. According to initial assessments by the Nepal Red Cross Society (NRCS), 17 districts (Baitadi, Bajhang, Dhankuta, Kalikot, Doti , Dadeldhura, Bajhang, Kailali, Ilam, Udaypur, Humla, Mugu, Darchula, Pachthar, Sunsari, Bhojpur and Kanchanpur) and 5,415 families were affected, 3,385 families were displaced and 2,237 houses were completely damaged due to these incessant rains. The Interior Ministry reported that there were 101 dead, 41 missing and 40 injured. The unforeseen and continuous rains not only affected families and their homes, but also their livelihoods, as 60-80% of crop losses were reported. The disaster also affected the pace of relief response as many districts were unable to report the situation due to damage to road sections and interruptions in electricity, telephone and internet connection. .

Impacts of disasters in communities

Floods and landslides in different parts of the country have displaced many households temporarily or permanently. The displaced population took refuge in schools, community centers, parents’ houses and some in temporary shelters. In the immediate post-disaster period, there was a critical need in terms of shelter, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), livelihoods, protection, health issues mainly due to the risk of outbreaks of waterborne and vector-borne diseases and COVID-19. 19 transmission. Besides damaged houses, the floods and landslides have damaged infrastructure such as roads, markets and agricultural land, livestock and crops. Shelter items remained the priority needs of the displaced population, followed by food and WASH needs. There was also a need to incorporate protection, gender and inclusion (PGI) considerations to prioritize vulnerable people for relief such as children, pregnant women, the elderly, people with long term, people with disabilities and other people from other countries. marginalized groups. This difficult situation has been further aggravated by the risk of transmission and spread of COVID19 due to the gathering of groups of affected people for temporary shelter.

Role of NRCS in relief operations

The NRCS played a vital role in providing rapid response to the disaster affected population in the affected districts. It has prepared its monsoon preparedness and response plan which is in line with the government plan. Immediately after the onset of floods and landslides, NRCS committed to providing relief services to the affected population by providing shelter, hygiene items, cash grants, other non-food items (Figure 1) and health-related activities. NRCS district chapters and sub-chapters have been working in close coordination with the respective local government, security forces and other humanitarian agencies in providing support.

In response to the August and October 2021 disaster, NRCS deployed 486 trained volunteers to the field to provide various immediate responses, such as conducting an initial rapid assessment followed by a detailed assessment in 13 districts ( Darchula, Kanchanpur, Rupandehi, Nawarparasi East, Nawalparasi West, Kaski, Parbat, Myagdi, Sindhuli, Mahottari, Kalikot, Ilam and Panchthar), search and rescue, first aid, evacuation and immediate relief if required. The NRCS provided and distributed relief (in kind and in cash) to disaster affected populations. Non-food relief item (NFRI) sets were rapidly distributed during emergencies to different warehouses located in different parts of the country. NRCS district chapters worked in conjunction with local authorities to carry out relief assessment and distribution, while helping communities to be safe and prepared for disaster in the future.

Given the scale of the disaster, CHF 395,609 has been allocated by the IFRC from the Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to help the NRCS provide relief services to the affected population. .

Survey objectives

In this context, immediately after the completion of the relief activities, the NRCS conducted a post-distribution monitoring survey.

The Post-Distribution Monitoring Survey (PDMS) aimed to provide key lessons learned, mainly in terms of relevance/quality, timeliness, effectiveness of relief operations conducted by NRCS and recommendations for future relief operations. in Nepal and elsewhere.

The survey also aimed to collect quantitative and qualitative data, conduct a timeline survey and analyze beneficiary/stakeholder data in terms of timeliness of relief services, adequacy/quality of relief services and satisfaction. beneficiaries in relation to the distribution of relief items.